Stress incontinence is the unintentional or uncontrollable leakage of urine. It is a serious and embarrassing disorder, which can lead to social isolation. Stress incontinence typically occurs when certain kinds of physical movement puts pressure on your bladder. Laughing, sneezing, coughing, jumping, vigorous exercise, and heavy lifting can all cause stress incontinence. Any pressure placed on the abdomen and bladder can lead to the loss of urine. It’s important to remember that the term “stress” is used in a strictly physical sense when describing stress incontinence. Emotional stress is not a factor in this type of urinary disorder. The “stress” refers to excessive pressure on the bladder. Both men and women can have episodes of stress incontinence. However, according to the National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC), women are twice as likely as men to suffer from involuntary leakage (NKUDIC). The most common causes of stress incontinence among women are pregnancy and childbirth (particularly multiple vaginal deliveries.) During pregnancy and birth, the sphincter and pelvic muscles are stretched out and are weakened.
Pneumococci are common inhabitants of the respiratory tract and may be isolated from the nasopharynx of 5-90% of healthy persons, depending on the population and setting. Only 5-10% of adults without children are carriers. Among school-aged children, 20-60% may be carriers. On military installations, as many as 50-60% of service personnel may be carriers. The duration of carriage varies and is generally longer in children than adults. In addition, the relationship of carriage to the development of natural immunity is poorly understood. T
Kegel exercises make your sphincter and pelvic muscles stronger. To perform a Kegel, contract the muscles you use to stop the stream of urine when you urinate. You might want to do Kegels while sitting on the toilet to help you learn which muscles to use. Once you have mastered the exercise, you can perform them anywhere and at any time. Let your doctor know if you have a hard time learning Kegel exercises.