Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most Common type of heart disease, also referred to as coronary heart disorder. Coronary arteries are the essential blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients. CAD occurs when these that provide blood to coronary heart muscle turn out to be hardened and narrowed. Atherosclerosis (regularly known as “hardening” or “clogging” of the arteries) is the buildup of cholesterol and fatty deposits (referred to as plaques) on the internal walls of the arteries. These plaques can avert blood go with the flow to the center muscle by clogging the artery or via causing abnormal artery tone and function.
Every 7 minutes in Canada, someone dies from heart disease or stroke (Statistics Canada, 2011c). In 2008 cardiovascular disease accounted for 29% of all deaths in Canada (69,703 deaths – or more than 69,500) 28% of all male deaths, 29.7% of all female deaths.
Treatment for CAD involves lifestyle changes, if necessary, drugs and certain medical procedures. Various drugs that are used to treat CAD are Cholesterol-modifying medications, Beta blockers, Nitroglycerin, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). Some of the Procedures to restore and improve blood flow like Angioplasty and stent placement (percutaneous coronary revascularization), Coronary artery bypass surgery.
Some of the Major researches on Coronary artery disease in Canada are Association of Physician Certification in Interventional Cardiology with In-Hospital Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Importance of Angina in Patients with Coronary Disease, Heart Failure, and Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction: Insights from STICH.