Thalassemia is a blood disorder that is caused by DNA mutations in cells that are responsible for producing haemoglobin. This leads to a reduction in the number and ability of the red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body and can cause sufferers to feel symptoms such as fatigue.
Regular blood transfusions are the only treatment available to patients with thalassemia. It allows thalassemia patients to live relatively normal lives, however, a cure remains to be found for this disease. Alpha Thalassemia arises due to insufficient synthesis of alpha-haemoglobin chains and an excess of beta chains. Beta Thalassemia- Beta-thalassemia occurs due to insufficient synthesis of beta-haemoglobin chains and an excess of alpha chains.