Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to properly use or produce enough insulin. It’s a chronic disease with no known cure. Being overweight is closely tied to the development of type 2 diabetes. Overweight children have an increased likelihood of insulin problems. As the body struggles to regulate insulin, high blood sugar leads to a number of potentially serious health problems.In Canada, trends in type 2 diabetes in children and youth have been reported for specific populations and provinces.
In general, kids with type 2 diabetes need to: eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan, get regular exercise, take medications as prescribed, monitor blood sugar levels regularly. kids with type 2 diabetes switch to healthier habits is a key part of treatment. More than 80 percent of all children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and about 40 percent are clinically obese.
In 2004, Manitoba reported 35 to 40 new cases of childhood type 2 diabetes, representing about 30% of all new cases of childhood diabetes in Manitoba annually. Between 2000 and 2002, the Diabetes Care Program of Nova Scotia reported 5.4 new cases of type 2 diabetes per 100,000 children under the age of 19 years.