Heart and blood vessel diseases are known as cardiovascular disease or heart disease. It includes numerous problems, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through. If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow. This can cause a heart attack or stroke. An ischemic stroke (the most common type) happens when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets blocked, usually from a blood clot. When the blood supply to a part of the brain is shut off, brain cells will die. The result will be the inability to carry out some of the previous functions as before like walking or talking. A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel within the brain bursts. The most likely cause is uncontrolled hypertension.
Cardiovascular medicines are key to preventing and treating cardiovascular disease (CVD). With appropriate medication, patients with CVD or those at risk of the disease can improve their quality of life and increase their life expectancy.
Antithrombotic medicines act by preventing the formation of blood clots or by dissolving existing blood clots. These medicines are usually taken over a long period to reduce the risk of heart attack and death. They also reduce the risk of subsequent strokes and disability among patients with a history of stroke.