Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
Lifetime prevalence rates reported for BD in population-based studies published between 1978 and 1998 have ranged from 0.3 to 3.5%. The prevalence of BD I is estimated to range from 0.2 to 1.5%,10-12 compared to 0.5 to 3.0% for BD II. Estimated prevalence rates for BS disorders range from 3.0 to 8.3%.