Non melanoma skin cancer is different from melanoma. Melanoma is the type of skin cancer that most often develops from a mole.Non-melanoma skin cancers usually develop in the outermost layer of skin (epidermis) and are often named after the type of skin cell from which they develop. The age-adjusted incidence rate in 1991 through 1995 for BCC was 49 per 100,000 person-years in men and 45 in women. For NMSC it was 8.7 in men and 5.3 in women. Both cancer types showed an increasing trend in incidence rates. The mortality rate for BCC in 1991 through 1995 was 0.08 per 100,000 person-years in men and 0.05 in women, and for NMSC, it was 0.38 in men and 0.23 in women. The mortality trend was decreasing for both cancer types.
Follow-up treatment for non-melanoma skin cancer includes skin self-exams and regular exams by your doctor. These exams are extremely important to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back (recurrence). Doctors schedule exams as often every 3 to 6 months for the first 2 years and yearly after that, especially for squamous cell carcinoma. Non-melanoma skin cancer is mainly caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. UV light comes from the sun, as well as artificial sunbeds and sunlamps.In addition to UV light overexposure, there are certain things that can increase your chances of developing non-melanoma skin cancer, such as: a family history of the condition, pale skin that burns easily, a large number of moles or freckles