Definition: It is a group of disorders that affects hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body. People with this disorder have atypical hemoglobin molecules called hemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into a sickle, or crescent, shape.
Symptoms include a low number of red blood cells (anemia), repeated infections, and periodic episodes of pain. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person.shortness of breath, fatigue, and delayed growth and development in children,yellowing of the eyes and skin.organ damage, especially in the lungs, kidneys, spleen, and brain due to lack of sufficient oxygen supply.
Routine childhood immunizations. Immunizations in adulthood are important too. Daily antibiotics from 2 months to 5 years of age to prevent life-threatening infections. This practice stops at age 5 because older children don't have as many severe infections. Multivitamin supplements with iron during infancy. Folic acid supplements daily. Protein supplements if there is a lag in weight gain.
Out of the estimated population 5,214,5122 Right Diagnosis conducted a survey and concludes that the extrapolated incidence of Sickle cell anemia patients was found to be 5,214 during the year 2014and death rate was found to be 0.03%.