Trachoma is an infectious eye disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, which spreads by contact with an infected person’s hands or clothing. It is the world's leading cause of preventable blindness, and is one of the oldest diseases known to man.Transmission is mostly between children and the women who care for them this accounts for the higher prevalence in women. Blindness does not ensue until middle age: repeated episodes of infection cause chronic follicular conjunctival inflammation leading on to the cicatricial stage of tarsal conjunctival scarring, entropion, trichiasis.
In the Finland, about 450 cases of Trachoma are reported in humans each year. Almost 8% of the Finland population is infected with Trachoma an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.A number of different antibiotics have anti-chlamydial activity and have been used for treatment of trachoma. Currently, the most commonly used options are tetracycline eye ointment applied twice a day for 6 weeks or a single oral dose of azithromycin.