Tularemia is a serious infectious disease caused by the intracellular bacterium Francisella tularensis. It is also known as Pahvant Valley plague, rabbit fever, deer fly fever, and Ohara's fever.
In the 1950s, thousands of people were infected each year. This number has dropped considerably, to less than 200 each year, and those who are infected now tend to be those who are exposed to the organism in its rural habitat.
Tularemia is treated with a drug called streptomycin. The drug is given intramuscularly, twice a day, for one to two weeks. Alternatively Gentamicin may be given intravenously.
The National Institutes of Health is funding several research projects to develop an effective vaccine against F. tularensis.