Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to properly use or produce enough insulin. It’s a chronic disease with no known cure. Being overweight is closely tied to the development of type 2 diabetes. Overweight children have an increased likelihood of insulin problems. As the body struggles to regulate insulin, high blood sugar leads to a number of potentially serious health problems.
In general, kids with type 2 diabetes need to: eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan, get regular exercise, take medications as prescribed, monitor blood sugar levels regularly. kids with type 2 diabetes switch to healthier habits is a key part of treatment. More than 80 percent of all children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and about 40 percent are clinically obese.
Finland has a population of 5.4 million. There are about 50 000 people with type 1 diabetes and about 250 000 people with type 2 diabetes in Finland. About 4 000 children under the age of 15 have diabetes. The number of undiagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes is estimated at 200 000.