Myelofibrosis is a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts your body's normal production of blood cells. The result is extensive scarring in your bone marrow, leading to severe anemia, weakness, fatigue, and often, an enlarged spleen and liver. Myelofibrosis is an uncommon type of chronic leukemia — a cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues in the body. Myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases called myeloproliferative disorders.
Vascular complications occurring before the diagnosis of myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) in 612 patients from four centers in Sweden, Denmark and France were retrospectively studied.Vascular complications were observed in 151 (25%) of the 612 patients. Of these, 66% occurred during the two years preceding diagnosis. The majority of events were thromboembolic (95%), and included myocardial infarction (n=46), ischemic stroke (n=43), transient ischemic attack (TIA).
In the past, the treatment of myelofibrosis has depended on the symptoms and degree of the low blood counts. A long-term remission is possible for some patients with bone marrow transplantation. Such treatment should be considered for younger patients and some others. Other treatment may involve:Blood transfusions and medicines to correct anemia, Radiation and chemotherapy, Medicines to target a genetic mutation, Splenectomy if swelling causes symptoms, or to help with anemia.