Rosacea is a chronic condition characterized by acute exacerbations of the skin. Manifestations include persistent erythema, telangiectasias, papules, pustules and sebaceous gland hypertrophy in the flush areas of the face and neck. Rhinophyma and hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands of the nose are considered hallmark signs of what is known as facial rosacea.Ocular rosacea is a manifestation of rosacea that affects the eyes and eyelids. Antibiotics like Tetracyclines, Erythromycin, Topical Metronidazole, Topical Azithromycin. Retinoids like Vitamin A derivatives, such as oral isotretinoin and topical tretinoin, have been found effective in reducing the inflammatory lesions in rosacea. Topical steroids can prove useful for short-term exacerbations of lid disease and management of inflammatory keratitis. However, steroids should be used cautiously and discontinued as soon as possible to prevent corneal melting. Topical steroids may lead to rosacea exacerbations and should be avoided if possible.
Eventhough the Rosacea is not much common among men, it is twice higher in females, the survey conducted on the prevalence of disease, ended up by revealing many interesting facts they are 35% women experiencing persistent erythema, and 12% with Rhinophyma and 22.7% of both sexes are diagnosed with Ocular rosacea. Researches focusing on Significance of Demodex in Rosacea Care, Genetic Variants May Link to Rosacea, Study Differentiates Rosacea from Sun Damage.