Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine to curve sideways. There are several different types of scoliosis that affect children and adolescents. By far, the most common type is "idiopathic," which means the exact cause is not known. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown. Scoliosis is rarely painful—small curves often go unnoticed by children and their parents, and are first detected during a school screening or at a regular check-up with the pediatrician.
Those who have curves beyond 40 degrees to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery. But surgery does not perfectly straighten the spine. Metallic implants are utilized to correct some of the curvature and hold it in the correct position until a bone graft, placed at the time of surgery, consolidates and creates a rigid fusion in the area of the curve.Treatment for adolescents who have a spinal curve between 25 degrees to 40 degrees particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least 2 years of growth remaining. Bracing halt progression of the curve. It may provide a temporary correction, but usually the curve will assume its original magnitude when bracing is eliminated.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 60,424,213 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 181,272.