The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Germany ranked eighth place for high rates of heart disease-related deaths among countries within the Organisation for Economic Co-operation (OECD), the group of the world's advanced economies. More than 310 people per every 100,000 die of cardiovascular diseases each year in Germany, compared to 256 for every 100,000 people in the United States and 245 people for every 100,000 in the United Kingdom.