Occupational stress has been a long-standing concern of the health care industry. Studies indicate that health care workers have higher rates of substance abuse and suicide than other professions and elevated rates of depression and anxiety linked to job stress. In addition to psychological distress, other outcomes of job stress include burnout, absenteeism, employee intent to leave, reduced patient satisfaction, and diagnosis and treatment errors.
Beliefs about whether the institution provides high quality care may influence the perceived stress of job pressures and workload because higher quality care maybe reflected in greater support and availability of resources. Since 1987, the incidence of DRSP has increased in the United States. Each year, S. infections cause 100,000-135,000 hospitalizations for pneumonia, 6 million cases of otitis media, and over 60,000 cases of invasive disease, including 3300 cases of meningitis. Up to 40% are caused by pneumococci resistant to at least one drug and 15% are due to a strain resistant to 3 or more drugs. Prevalence of DRSP shows wide geographic variation.
As a general rule, actions to reduce job stress should give top priority to organizational changes that improve working conditions. But even the most conscientious efforts to improve working conditions are unlikely to eliminate stress completely for all workers. For this reason, a combination of organizational change and stress management is often the most successful approach for reducing stress at work. Organizational Change Intervention, Team process, Multidisciplinary health care teams, Multicomponent interventions, Stress Management Intervention. Major Research is been done in Germany by Helmholtz Association.