Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder resulting from the body's inability to properly use or produce enough insulin. It’s a chronic disease with no known cure. Being overweight is closely tied to the development of type 2 diabetes. Overweight children have an increased likelihood of insulin problems. As the body struggles to regulate insulin, high blood sugar leads to a number of potentially serious health problems.
In general, kids with type 2 diabetes need to: eat a healthy, balanced diet and follow a meal plan, get regular exercise, take medications as prescribed, monitor blood sugar levels regularly. kids with type 2 diabetes switch to healthier habits is a key part of treatment. More than 80 percent of all children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes are overweight, and about 40 percent are clinically obese.Indeed, researchers suspect that increases in obesity among young people is driving the new epidemic.
The projected number of people with type 2 diabetes aged 55-74 years rises from 2.4 million in 2010 to 3.9 million in 2030. From 2030 on this number will decrease slightly to 3.3 million in 2040. If every second person aged 55-74 with pre diabetes took part in a prevention program with the effect size of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Program, 0.4 million cases could be prevented until 2030.