Angiostrongylus is an infection caused by parasites. It is a parasitic infection caused by Angiostrongylus Cantononsis. Mainly people are affected by this disease by taking raw food or uncooked vegetables, contaminated water. Infection mainly starts in oesophageal part of stomach and spreads to nervous system. Angiostrongylus cantonensis is a helminth of the phylus Nematoda order Strongylida, and superfamily Metastrongyloidea. Nematodes are roundworms characterized by a tough outer cuticle, unsegmented bodies, and a fully developed gastrointestinal tract. The order Strongylida includes hookworms and lungworms
Metastrongyloidea are characterized as long, slender, threadlike worms that reside in the lungs of the definitive host. Angiostrongylus costaricensis is a closely related worm that causes intestinal Angiostrongyliasis. Symptoms of Angiostrongylus: Symptoms of disease is fever, headache, neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, tingling, severe sensitivity of touch, skin diseases, blindness, paralysis, coma, sometimes it may leads to death. Types of Angiostrongylus: There are 2 types of Angiostrongylus they are reservoirs and vectors. These plays a vital role in infection of disease.
Tests and Diagnosis: Diagnosis of Angiostrongylus can be done by different tests they are Lumbar Puncture, Brain Imaging and Serology. Treatment: It can be treated by using different medicines they are Antihelminthics, anti-inflammatory, By using antihelminthics we can reduce helminthes in the body. By using anti-inflamatory medicines are used for reduce infections caused by parasitic nematodes
Statistics: In INdia,the prevalence of disease can be estimated out of 24,543,600 population, affected people are 7,844. Females are more affected as compared to males. It shows less prevalence.