Celiac disease is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye. If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine. Over time, this reaction produces inflammation that damages the small intestine's lining and prevents absorption of some nutrients (malabsorption).
In addition to digestive problems, other signs and symptoms of celiac disease include: Anemia, usually resulting from iron deficiency Loss of bone density (osteoporosis) or softening of bone (osteomalacia) Itchy, blistery skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis) Damage to dental enamel Headaches and fatigue Nervous system injury, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, and possible problems with balance Joint pain Reduced functioning of the spleen (hyposplenism) Acid reflux and heartburn
1. Confirmed diagnosis. 2. Treatment begins. Treatment is a prescription - lifelong elimination of "gluten". You are going to be healthier. No surgery is required. No medication is required. The only known treatment for celiac disease to date is a gluten-free diet.
Among 12,573 contacted, 10,488 (83.4%) (50.6% male) agreed to participate. Based on screening, 5622 (53.6%) participants were screen positive. Of all those screen positive, 2167 (38.5%) agreed for serological testing; additionally 712 (14%) negatives were also tested. The overall sero-prevalence of celiac disease was 1.44% (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22 1.69) and the overall prevalence of celiac disease was 1.04% (95% CI 0.85 1.25)