Non-allergic rhinitis is a distinct disease classification, separate from allergic rhinitis, which is characterized by an IgE-mediated response. A wide variety of medications are available for the treatment of associated symptoms. Surgical therapy may be warranted in particular patients with non-allergic rhinitis refractory to proper medical management. Commonly, though not always, many patients with non-allergic rhinitis report that cigarette smoke, hairspray, and perfume trigger symptoms. The treatment for patients with non-allergic rhinitis are avoiding environments that trigger symptoms, Using a barrier nasal emollient to prevent the airborne irritants from coming into contact with the nasal lining in the first place.
The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was 12.55% and 11.38% in rural and urban adults of Delhi, respectively. Similarities in prevalence and not supporting hygiene hypothesis may be due to matching life style in rural and urban population of Delhi.The major risk factors for bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis that emerged from the study are positive family history of atopy, type of accommodation and the smoking habits. Of the 472 in patients studied, 35% patients had rhinitis and among them 17% patients had Allergic and 18% patients had non Allergic rhinitis.On the other hand for NAR male prevalence (19%) was higher than female (16%). Age distribution shows a higher affection of older age groups in both Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis. 392 out of the 472 patients presented with non respiratory complaints Prevalence of both AR and NAR in non-respiratory cases is 15% and 18% respectively and for respiratory cases it is 23% and 29% respectively