Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Many women who develop pelvic inflammatory disease either experience no signs or symptoms or don't seek treatment. Pelvic inflammatory disease may be detected only later when you have trouble getting pregnant or if you develop chronic pelvic pain.
In India the total approximately estimated population is 1,065,070,607 out of this population 3,915,700 are extarpolated or suffering from this disease or diagnosed
Several types of antibiotics can cure PID. Antibiotic treatment does not, however, reverse any scarring caused by the infection. For this reason, it is critical that a woman receive care immediately if she has pelvic pain or other symptoms of PID. Prompt antibiotic treatment can prevent severe damage to the reproductive organs. The longer a woman delays treatment for PID, the more likely she is to become infertile or to have a future ectopic pregnancy because of damage to the fallopian tubes. PID is usually treated with antibiotics to provide empiric, broad spectrum coverage of likely pathogens.
The present study suggests that IUD is a strongly associated risk factor for Pelvic inflammatory disease. Intrauterine contraceptive device is the most widely used contraceptive in India and any reduction in its use would compromise the Natural Family Planning Program.