Oppositional defiant disorder involves specific temperamental and behavioral/emotional characteristics, independent of ADHD. Patients with ODD have differentially higher levels of behavioral and emotional difficulties. It was observed that children had an oppositional behavior rate of 33.3% and grade retention rate of 30.7%. The study has showed that 5.1% of children mostly had comorbidity of post traumatic disorder and attention deficit disorder.
Treating oppositional defiant disorder included several types of psychotherapy and training for child — as well as for parents. Treatment may last for several months or longer. Psychiatrists have conducted a survey recently and it was observed that approximately 1 in 10 children under 5 years of age showed signs of psychiatric illness, which correlates with adult figures. The primary disorders were identified to be depression, ADHD, and oppositional defiant disorder.
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