Salmonellosis is an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria. Most people infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. In most cases, the illness lasts four to seven days, and most people recover without treatment. In some cases, the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient becomes dangerously dehydrated and must be hospitalized.
Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. They develop 12 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days. Most people recover without treatment. But diarrhea and dehydration may be so severe that it is necessary to go to the hospital. Older adults, infants, and those who have impaired immune systems are at highest risk.
The crude incidence rate for 2007 was 10.7 per 100,000, similar to 2006. The zero to four age group experienced highest incidence rate. The S. Enteritidis followed by S. Typhimurium were the dominant serotypes. The next most commonly isolated serotypes were S. Newport and S. Kentucky. 38% of cases had a known history of travel outside of Ireland. Five cases of S. Paratyphi A were reported in 2007.
The National Salmonella and E. Coli Centres are involved in identifying and typing Salmonella spp. and E. coli from within India and around the world.