Scoliosis is an abnormal curve in the spine. There are several types of scoliosis based on the cause and age when the curve develops; the majority of patients have no known cause.The most common symptom of scoliosis is curvature of the spine.Those who have curves beyond 40 degrees to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery. But surgery does not perfectly straighten the spine. Metallic implants are utilized to correct some of the curvature and hold it in the correct position until a bone graft, placed at the time of surgery, consolidates and creates a rigid fusion in the area of the curve.
Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways curvature of the spine that is found in children and adolescents. In most cases, scoliosis is painless. However, it can become gradually more severe if left untreated, resulting in chronic back pain. Severe cases can cause deformities, impair development and life-threatening. The cause of most cases of scoliosis cases is idiopathic. Suspected causes of scoliosis include connective tissue disorders, muscle disorders, hormonal imbalance and abnormality of the nervous system. Spinal cord and brainstem abnormalities may also contribute to scoliosis. The condition can also be hereditary.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 3,969,558 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 11,908.