Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium lepromatosis. It affects the skin and the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord, eyes and the thin tissue lining the inside of the nose.
The main symptom of leprosy is disfiguring skin sores, Muscle weakness, lumps, or bumps and Nerve damage can lead to Loss of feeling in the arms and legs that do not go away after several weeks or months. Multi-drug therapy has significantly improved treatment for people with leprosy which includes ofloxacin (Floxin), or minocycline, rifampicin (monthly) and dapsone (daily), corticosteroids, salicylates, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
The leprosy cases dropped from 12% in 2004 to 5% in 2007 and increased to 9% in 2008 and grade 2 disability among new cases has remained very high between 21%-27% within the previous five years period.