The Epstein-Barr virus is one in which almost our entire population has been exposed. Current research shows that by age 30 over 97% of Americans test positive to the Epstein-Barr virus. Of all viruses, Epstein-Barr is the most common virus residing in the human bloodstream. The Epstein-Barr virus is also commonly known as mononucleosis or mono. Symptoms can include sore throat, headache, fatigue, chills, lack of appetite, rash, enlarged or swollen lymph glands.
We think that the probable mode of transmission of the Epstein-Barr virus is saliva. The virus is indeed found in the saliva as well as the respiratory secretions, however does not readily spread from one individual to another without close contact. In other words, if you are around someone who has mononucleosis and they cough, you will likely not contract the mono. Closer contact is needed for the spread of the virus.
Further understand how serious mononucleosis is consider some serious statistics. In 2005 they found that E.B.V affects 98% of the world’s population. Also about 1 in 2000 people die a year from Mono. About 1 in 20 children with mono also have strep throat at the same time. 50% of people that have mono will have a swollen spleen or some will have a enlarged liver.