Travelers' diarrhea is the most common travel-related infection. It may be caused by many different organisms, including bacteria. In addition to diarrhea, symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, sweats, chills, headache, and malaise. The chief complication is dehydration, which may become severe, especially in warmer climes. Traveler's diarrhea affects individuals around 227,904 per year in Israel. Poor hygiene practice in local restaurants is likely the largest contributor to the risk for TD.
For mild cases, you may use the nonprescription medications bismuth subsalicylate and loperamide. The use of an antibiotics can reduce the duration of illness from days to hours. For moderate to severe diarrhea. Individuals traveling to a high-risk area are encouraged to carry antibiotics for self-treatment of TD. To date, 3 antibiotics have been found to be effective for shortening the duration of TD, these drugs include fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin), rifaximin (Xifaxan, Salix), and azithromycin.