The most common type of ear infection is called otitis media. It is caused by swelling and infection of the middle ear. The middle ear is located just behind the eardrum.
Symptoms: Symptoms of an ear infection may include: 1. Ear pain (mild to severe). Babies often pull or tug at their ears when they have an earache. 2. Fever. 3.Drainage from the ear that is thick and yellow or bloody. This means the eardrum has probably burst 4. Loss of appetite, vomiting, and grumpy behavior. 5. Trouble sleeping.
Diagnosis: Ear infection is examined by: redness, air bubbles, or pus-like fluid inside the middle ear. fluid draining from the middle ear. a perforation in the eardrum. a bulging or collapsed eardrum.
Treament: An ear infection is often caused by a virus. Typically acetaminophen or ibuprofen, which also helps reduce a fever. Aspirin should be avoided in children because of the threat of Reye's syndrome. Pain can also be reduced by using gentle heat from a heating pad, but be very careful when using heating pads with children.
Epidemology: Ear infections are the most common cause for a sick child visit to the doctor and accounts for half of all pediatric antibiotics. The World Health Organization attributes 28K annual deaths to complications resulting from ear infections.