Myelofibrosis is a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts your body's normal production of blood cells. The result is extensive scarring in your bone marrow, leading to severe anemia, weakness, fatigue, and often, an enlarged spleen and liver. Myelofibrosis is an uncommon type of chronic leukemia — a cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues in the body. Myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases called myeloproliferative disorders.
Cytotoxic agents like Hydroxyurea, Busulfan and Interferon-alpha are to date the most commonly used therapeutic approaches in Essential Thrombocythemia (ET). However, few data on the efficacy and safety of these agents in the long-term are currently available. We report a retrospective analysis of the long-term outcome of 386 consecutive ET patients, followed at single Institution for a median follow-up of 9.5 years (range, 3-28.5). Cytoreductive therapy was administered to 338 patients (88%), obtaining a response in 86% of cases.
In the past, the treatment of myelofibrosis has depended on the symptoms and degree of the low blood counts. A long-term remission is possible for some patients with bone marrow transplantation. Such treatment should be considered for younger patients and some others. Other treatment may involve:Blood transfusions and medicines to correct anemia, Radiation and chemotherapy, Medicines to target a genetic mutation, Splenectomy if swelling causes symptoms, or to help with anemia.