Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person's spinal axis has a three-dimensional deviation. Scoliosis is a lateral curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine shows a mild roundness in the upper back and degree of swayback in the lower back. Types: Congenital scoliosis: Caused by a bone abnormality present at birth. Neuromuscular scoliosis: Abnormal muscles or nerves. Seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy or paralysis.
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (scoliosis of unknown cause) is the most common type and typically occurs after the age of 10. Girls are more likely than boys to have this type of scoliosis. Because scoliosis can run in families, a child who has a parent, brother, or sister with idiopathic scoliosis should be checked regularly for scoliosis by the family doctor.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 58,057,477 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 174,172.