alexa Ureteral Obstruction | Italy | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Ureteral Obstruction

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  • Ureteral Obstruction

     Pathophysiology

    Ureteral Obstruction is structural or functional hindrance of normal urine flow, sometimes leading to renal dysfunction (obstructive nephropathy). Ureteral obstruction can be classified as intraluminal or extraluminal. Intraluminal causes include kidney stones, blood clots and scarring; these conditions usually cause unilateral obstruction and Extraluminal causes include several conditions related to enlarged masses that place pressure on the ureter and create obstructions.

  • Ureteral Obstruction

     Disease statistics

    The prevalence among elderly men over 65 is 4.7% in Italy.

  • Ureteral Obstruction

     Disease treatment

    Stents or drains placed in the ureter or in a part of the kidney called the renal pelvis may provide short-term relief of symptoms. Long-term relief from obstructive uropathy requires surgery. A Foley catheter, placed through the urethra into the bladder, may also be helpful.

  • Ureteral Obstruction

     Major research

    There are today several imaging modalities used for the investigation of urinary tract obstruction in children. Magnetic resonance imaging and renography are less practical tools in the acute setting and ultrasound diagnosis of ureteral obstruction is characterised by detection of hydronephrosis, detection of ureteric jets from the orifices with color doppler, and examination of the ureter.

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