Achalasia is considered to be a rare disease of the muscle of the lower esophageal body and the lower esophageal sphincter. The particular cause of achalasia is unknown. However, it may usually occur by the degeneration of the esophageal muscles and, more importantly, the nerves that control the muscles. As a result, people suffering with achalasia face difficulty in swallowing food. In addition to the failure to relax.
Signs and Symptoms: The main symptoms of achalasia are dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing), regurgitation of undigested food, chest pain behind the sternum, and weight loss. Dysphagia tends to become progressively worse over time and to involve both fluids and solids.The chest pain experienced, also known as cardiospasm and non-cardiac chest pain can often be mistaken for a heart attack. It can be extremely painful in some sufferers.
Disease statistics: In japan approximately 43 patients were diagnosed with Achalasia during the study period. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 40-50 years. It occurs equally in males and females. It is typically diagnosed in adults, but can occur in children as well.The main symptoms noticed were dysphagia (65%) and vomiting (59%).