Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
The prevalence of bipolar disorder during their life ranged between 0.1 and 7.5%, while the rate of bipolar spectrum disorders ranged between 2.4 and 15.1%. The differences between the prevalence of bipolar disorder and bipolar spectrum disorders appear to be related to the consideration of subliminal forms at diagnosis. Differences in prevalence of the different subtypes of the disorder are discussed in relation to diagnostic criteria and instruments used.