Lymphoma means a cancer of the lymphatic system. There are 2 main types of lymphoma: Hodgkin lymphoma and Non Hodgkin lymphoma .
The following are some of the common subtypes of NHL:
• Burkitt's lymphoma
• Diffuse large cell lymphoma
• Follicular lymphoma
• MALT lymphoma
• Mantle cell lymphoma
• Adult T cell lymphoma/leukemia
About 28,000 of men and women were diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the year 2014, and about 11,000 people have died in the same year according to Japanese National Cancer Centre.
When non Hodgkin lymphoma is diagnosed a team of doctors and other professionals work together to decide on the best treatment for each person. The main types of treatment for NHL are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and biological therapy. Some people may have surgery. Sometimes high dose chemotherapy with a stem cell transplant may be used to try to increase the chance of curing NHL. Scientists are making a lot of progress in understanding how changes in DNA can cause normal lymphocytes to develop into lymphoma cells. This is providing insight into why these cells may grow too rapidly, live too long, and not develop into mature cells that take part in normal immune reactions. Once this is understood, drugs may be developed that block this process.