Pediatric Thrombocytopenia is a condition in which you have a low blood platelet count. Platelets (thrombocytes) are colorless blood cells that help blood clot. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. Thrombocytopenia often occurs as a result of a separate disorder, such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Or it can be a side effect of taking certain medications. It affects both children and adults. Thrombocytopenia may be mild and cause few signs or symptoms. In rare cases, the number of platelets may be so low that dangerous internal bleeding occurs. Treatment options are available.
Iron deficiency anemia accounts for 75-95% of the cases of anemia in pregnant women. A woman who is pregnant often has insufficient iron stores to meet the demands of pregnancy. Encourage pregnant women to supplement their diet with 60 mg of elemental iron daily. An MCV less than 80 mg/dL and hypochromia of the RBCs should prompt further studies, including total iron-binding capacity, ferritin levels, and Hb electrophoresis if iron deficiency is excluded.
Specific treatments for thrombocytopenia will be determined by your child’s physicians based on the cause and severity of the disease, as well as your child’s tolerance for medications, procedures and therapies. Mild cases may not require treatment and may resolve on their own. Blood transfusions with platelets or red blood cells are sometimes needed.
The clinical consequences of iron deficiency anemia include preterm delivery, perinatal mortality, and postpartum depression. Fetal and neonatal consequences include low birth weight and poor mental and psychomotor performance.