Scoliosis is a lateral (toward the side) curvature in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine should show a mild roundness in the upper back and shows a degree of swayback (inward curvature) in the lower back. When scoliosis is suspected, weight-bearing full-spine AP/coronal and lateral/sagittal X-rays are taken to assess the scoliosis curves. Full-length standing spine X-rays are the standard method for evaluating the severity and progression of the scoliosis and whether it is congenital or idiopathic in nature.
Treatment for adolescents who have a spinal curve between 25 degrees to 40 degrees particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least 2 years of growth remaining. Bracing halt progression of the curve. It may provide a temporary correction, but usually the curve will assume its original magnitude when bracing is eliminated.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 127,333,002 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 381,999.