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Undescended Testicle

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  • Undescended Testicle

     Pathophysiology

    Undescended testicle (or Cryptorchidism) is a condition seen in newborns when one or both of the male testes have not passed down into the scrotal sac. Cryptorchidism is more commonly seen in premature males because the testes do not descend from the abdomen to the scrotal sac until the seventh month of fetal development.

  • Undescended Testicle

     Disease statistics

    About 3 of every 100 boys have undescended testes at birth. Most of these testes descend on their own within about 6 months. Boys born prematurely are much more likely to have the condition as are boys whose family members had undescended testes. About 10% are affected on both sides.

  • Undescended Testicle

     Disease treatment

    It may include: Hormonal therapy- Hormone injections like (B-HCG or testosterone) to try to bring the testicle into the scrotum and is not usually recommended because it is much less effective than surgery, and Surgical repair- To bring the testicle into the scrotum and can be done either with a laparoscope or with open surgery.

  • Undescended Testicle

     Major research

    The University of Edinburgh study that Testosterone, produced in the testicles, is crucial for life-long male health. Reduced exposure to the hormone in the womb has been linked to an increased risk of infertility, testicular cancer and undescended testicles.

 

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