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Congenital Heart Defects In Adults

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  • Congenital heart defects in Adults

    Pathophysiology:

    Congenital heart disease (congenital heart defect) is an abnormality in your heart's structure that you're born with. Although congenital heart disease is often considered a childhood condition, advances in surgical treatment mean most babies who once died of congenital heart disease survive well into adulthood. Congenital heart disease is common, occurring in ≈8 of 1000 live births. With the successes in cardiothoracic surgery over the past 3 decades and the ongoing improvements in the diagnostic, interventional, and critical care skills of pediatric cardiologists, ≈90% of children born with heart defects now survive to adulthood. In addition, using improved noninvasive techniques, adult cardiologists are increasingly identifying adults with septal defects that were undiagnosed in childhood. The adult congenital heart disease patients carry a spectrum of disease, from small septal defects and minor valvar obstructions to complex single-ventricle lesions that have been palliated with staged surgical repairs. It is estimated that >1 million adults in the United States now have congenital heart disease, outnumbering their pediatric counterparts for the first time.

    Treatment:

    Congenital heart disease can be mild or severe, treatment options vary. Your doctor may suggest a treatment to attempt to correct the heart defect itself or treat complications caused by the defect. Treatments your doctor may recommend include: Regular checkups, Medications, Implantable heart devices, Open-heart surgery. Women with congenital heart disease who wish to become pregnant should talk with their doctors before becoming pregnant. They should discuss possible risks, as well as any special care they might need during pregnancy.

  • Congenital heart defects in Adults

    Major research on disease:
    CDC works to identify causes of heart defects, find opportunities to prevent them, and improve the health of those living with these conditions. Understanding the potential causes of heart defects can lead to recommendations, policies, and services to help prevent them. Researching health issues and needs across the lifespan can help us plan for services and ensure individuals born with these conditions are getting the care they need. The Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) is a population-based tracking system for birth defects, including CHDs, among children born to residents of metropolitan Atlanta. Established in 1967, MACDP is the nation's first population-based system to actively track birth defects. A population-based tracking program allows researchers to look at all of the people with a certain condition (like a CHD) who live in a specific area. This is done so that researchers can get a complete picture of what is happening within the population. Statistics:
    10 publications on the prevalence of CHD in adults. Four reported results from population wide cross-sectional data, whereas in 6, prevalence was calculated. Mean prevalence reported by empirical studies was 3,562 per million when unspecified lesions were included and 2,297 per million when these were excluded. Mean prevalence derived from calculation was 3,536. Our calculated estimate was 3,228 per million adults. Taking these estimates as well as the limitations inherent to their derivation into consideration, the prevalence of CHD in the adult population is approximately 3,000 per million adults.

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