Enlarged liver or fatty liver is the accumulation of triglycerides and other fats in the liver cells. The amount of fatty acid in the liver depends on the balance between the processes of delivery and removal. In some patients, fatty liver may be accompanied by hepatic inflammation and liver cell death. The condition most commonly associated with fatty liver disease is metabolic syndrome. This includes carrying the diagnosis of type II diabetes, obesity, or hypertriglyceridemia.
The symptoms mainly includes the following:
Diagnosis and Treatment
The hepatomegaly condition can be diagnosed using several tests such as CT scans,MRI scans, Ultrasound techniques. Treatment for enlarged liver involves diagnosing and treating the underlying condition that's causing it.
Fatty liver develops in 90-100% of heavy alcohol users. An observational study demonstrated prevalence rates of steatosis in 46.4% of heavy drinkers (> 60 g/day of alcohol) and in 94.5% of obese heavy drinkers. Fatty liver occurs in all age groups. Women develop more severe ALD more quickly and at lower doses of alcohol than men do. The increased susceptibility of females may be related to sex-dependent differences in the hepatic metabolism of alcohol, cytokine production, and the gastric metabolism of alcohol.