Previous research has shown that the repair of a recurrent inguinal hernia is subject to a greater risk of additional recurrence. Further, bilateral inguinal hernia is subject to a greater recurrence risk than unilateral inguinal hernia. These increased risks may be due to certain anatomical difficulties that complicate the surgical approach in these types of patients. Some clinicians have suggested that laparoscopic approaches are better suited to recurrent and bilateral hernias, and in we delineate separate comparisons for primary, bilateral, and recurrent hernia.
A questionnaire was submitted to participants of EUPSA-BAPS 2012 and it was returned by 187 responders (85% senior surgeons) from 46 (27 European) countries.pproximately 80% of the responders work in centers treating more than 100 cases/year. Approximately 79% of the responders routinely perform laparoscopy for other conditions, but of these, only 22% of the responders routinely perform laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Open approach is preferred by 83% of the responders. Of these, 79% of the responders favor unilateral approach, 12% of the responders contralateral, and 9% of the responders contralateral laparoscopic exploration via hernial sac. Considered advantages are the less risk of recurrence (66%), less abdominal organ injury (31%), less vas/vessel injury (25%), and speed (16%).