Myelofibrosis is a serious bone marrow disorder that disrupts your body's normal production of blood cells. The result is extensive scarring in your bone marrow, leading to severe anemia, weakness, fatigue, and often, an enlarged spleen and liver. Myelofibrosis is an uncommon type of chronic leukemia — a cancer that affects the blood-forming tissues in the body. Myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases called myeloproliferative disorders.
In myelofibrosis, the introduction of reduced-intensity conditioning preceding allogeneic stem cell transplantation resulted in lower transplant-related mortality rates compared with myeloablative conditioning. However, lowering the intensity of conditioning may increase the risk of graft failure in myelofibrosis, although hitherto this has not been indisputably proven. We here report the outcome of 53 patients who underwent allogeneic SCT with different conditioning regimens in three transplantation centers in the Netherlands.
In the past, the treatment of myelofibrosis has depended on the symptoms and degree of the low blood counts. A long-term remission is possible for some patients with bone marrow transplantation. Such treatment should be considered for younger patients and some others. Other treatment may involve:Blood transfusions and medicines to correct anemia, Radiation and chemotherapy, Medicines to target a genetic mutation, Splenectomy if swelling causes symptoms, or to help with anemia.