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Rectovaginal Fistula

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  • Rectovaginal fistula

    A rectovaginal fistula is a medical condition where there is a fistula or abnormal connection between the rectum and the vagina. Passage of gas, stool or pus from the vagina. Foul-smelling vaginal discharge. Recurrent vaginal or urinary tract infections. Irritation or pain in the vulva, vagina and the area between the vagina and anus (perineum) Pain during sexual intercourse.

  • Rectovaginal fistula

    After diagnosing rectovaginal fistula, it is best to wait for around 3 months to allow the inflammation to subside. For low fistulae, a vaginal approach is best, while an abdominal repair would be necessary for a high fistula at the posterior fornix. A circular incision is made around the fistula and vagina is separated from the underlying rectum with a sharp circumferential dissection. The entire fistulous tract, along with a small rim of rectal mucosa is incised. The rectal wall is then closed extramucosally.

  • Rectovaginal fistula

    In 12 of the 13 patients, the fistula was found during surgery: seven of the fistulas were anovaginal, and five were rectovaginal. Findings of endoluminal sonography were true-positive in 11 patients, true-negative in one, and false-negative in one. Findings of endoluminal MR imaging were true-positive in 11 patients, false-negative in one, and false-positive in one. Positive predictive value for endoluminal sonography and endoluminal MR imaging were 100% and 92%, respectively. Imaging findings for anal sphincter defects were comparable.

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