Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
According to a systematic review of data and statistics from community studies in European Union (EU) countries, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland: 27% of the adult population (here defined as aged 18–65) had experienced at least one of a series of mental disorders in the past year (this included problems arising from substance use, psychoses, depression, anxiety, and eating disorders).These figures represent an enormous human toll of ill health, with an estimated 83 million people being affected. Yet even these figures are likely to nderestimate the scale of the problem, as only a limited number of disorders were included and it did not collect data on those aged over 65, a group that is at particular risk.Rates for women are significantly higher as compared to those for men, except for substance use disorders (men: 5.6%, women 1.3%), and psychotic disorders (almost identical estimates). Overall rates are 33.2 versus 21.7.These figures also fail to capture the complexity of the problems many people face. 32% of those affected had one additional mental disorder, while 18% had two and 14% three or more.