Several biologic theories are postulated for the pathogenesis of phobic disorders, most focusing on the dysregulation of endogenous biogenic amines. Sympathetic nervous system activation is common in phobic disorders, resulting in elevations in heart rate and blood pressure, as well as symptoms such as tremor, palpitations, sweating, dyspnea, dizziness, and paresthesias.
Exposure: Gradually and repeatedly facing your fears, Climbing up the “fear ladder”, A simple deep breathing relaxation exercise, Learning to challenge unhelpful thoughts, Challenge negative thoughts, treatment with behavior therapy, counter-conditioning, systematic desensitization, Tango Therapy: The Healing Embrace.
Many research institutes are figuring out process to overcome phobia under Norway government.
About 49% of population are facing problem due to phobias.