RSV in severe cases may be necessary to provide intravenous (IV) fluids and humidified oxygen. Mechanical ventilation is a breathing machine to ease breathing. A nebulized bronchodilator such as albuterol (ProAir HFA, Proventil-HFA, Ventolin HFA) may be used to relieve wheezing. This medication opens air passages in the lungs. Nebulized means it's administered as a fine mist that you breathe in. Occasionally, a nebulized form of ribavirin (Virazole), an antiviral agent, may be used.
In 43 470 infants live born in the population through the 18-year period 1987-2004 a structural CHD was diagnosed in 527 (1.2%). A total of 898 (2.1%) hospitalizations for RSV-infections occurred in the study population 1987-2005. The hospital admittance rate was significantly higher for CHD-cases (4.8%) than for children without CHD (2%) (P = 0.002). Severe CHDs (need for surgery or catheter intervention) had a higher admittance rate (9.2%) compared to the group of remaining CHDs (3.3%) (P = 0.01).