Gynaecology and Obstetrics and are the two surgical medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively. O&G has often been described as a mixture of medicine and surgery. The diagnosis and treatment of pregnancy problems was difficult and pregnancy outcome could not be altered. The introduction of pre-pregnancy preparation, prenatal diagnostic techniques, routine antenatal care and fetal monitoring in labor has improved the prospects for both mother and child. There have also been enormous improvements in pediatric and neonatal care.
Modern technology has brought about significant developments in recent years
Ultrasound and body imaging plays an increasingly important role in all aspects of obstetrics and gynecology. High-quality images now enable doctors to measure and identify structures precisely. We are able to assess organs using ultrasound imaging (scanning), which has vastly improved diagnostic accuracy.
In gynecology, minimally invasive techniques for surgery have been developed. These techniques rely on small-diameter viewing instruments and high-intensity light sources, which permit the surgeon to see body cavities through a system of flexible fiber optics.