Trench Fever is an acute infectious disease characterized by chills and fever, caused by the microorganism Rickettsia quintana, and transmitted by the louse Pediculus humanus. 7% of children aged 1-2 had Trench fever in the Poland and adults also have suffered with Trench fever and the rate is comparatively more in aged people.
Erythromycin and azithromycin are both used to treat trench fever. Four weeks of treatment are usually necessary. Inadequatetreatment often results in a relapse. In fact, relapses have been reported to occur as long as 10 years after the first episode. Researchers at Great Ormond Street Hospital have in the past claimed tackling a Trench fever with medicine before it is allowed to run its course, may slow recovery time, because the temperature can help to kill the bacteria causing the illness.