Pathophysiology: Viral hemorrhagic fever (VHFs) is a general term to severe group of illness caused by RNA viruses from several viral families. It is a severe multisystem syndrome caused by infectious viruses which lead to a potentially lethal disease syndrome characterized by fever, malaise, vomiting, mucosal and gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding.VHF is caused by viruses of four families: arenaviruses, filoviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses.
Disease Statistics: Highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country. Dengue fever is found most of the cases where disease occasionally produces shock and hemorrhage leading to death in 5% of cases. Yellow fever and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever are some of the other common diseases found in Poland.
Treatment: Patients usually receive supportive therapy but as such there are no other treatment or established cure for VHFs. Ribavirin, an anti-viral drug, have been effective in treating some individuals with Lassa fever or HFRS. Treatment with convalescent-phase plasma has been used with success in some patients with Argentine hemorrhagic fever.
Research: Researchers of Central Intelligence agency uploaded the data regarding the above facts. Some of the important research centres working in this research area are Military Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, PuÅawy, Poland and Medical University, Warsaw, Poland.