Bipolar disorder is a mental disorder characterized by periods of elevated in mood and depression. This is also known as maniac- depressive illness because the patient is characterized by both mania and depression. This bipolar disorder is mainly observed due to changes in excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters secretions. During this that patient will be abnormally active, irritable or energetic (mania) and also feels like depressed and always thinks negatively (depression).
Causes: The causes vary from individuals and they maybe Genetic, Physiological, Environmental, Neurological, Neuroendocrinological and Evolutionary. Symptoms: The major signs and symptoms of this disorder can be categorized into various episodes like maniac episodes, Hypomanic episodes, Depressive episodes, Mixed effective episodes.
Treatment: This can be treated be a number of pharmacological and psychotherapeutic techniques. Physicians advice is most preferred.
Currently, 4.4% of Americans are living with bipolar disorder, (Gardner, 2011). Of those affected by the illness, many have a history of mental illness in their family. In addition, people with bipolar are more likely to commit suicide and abuse substances. A study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health, NIMH found that,“most people with bipolar disorder had missed work because of their illness, had other illnesses… alcohol or substance abuse and panic disorders, been treated or hospitalized.