alexa Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis | Singapore | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Recommended Conferences

  • 16th International Conference on Nephrology
    Nov 02-03, 2017, Atlanta, USA
Read more

Recommended Journals

Relevant Topics

Hyperoxaluria And Oxalosis

  • Share this page
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Google+
  • Pinterest
  • Blogger
  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis

    Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis
    Hyperoxaluria occurs when you have too much oxalate in your urine. Oxalate is a natural chemical in your body, and it's also found in certain types of food. But too much oxalate in your urine can cause serious problems.Hyperoxaluria can be caused by inherited (genetic) disorders, an intestinal disease or eating too many oxalate-rich foods. Quick diagnosis and treatment of hyperoxaluria is important to the long-term health of your kidneys.Oxalosis happens after the kidneys fail in people who have primary and intestinal causes of hyperoxaluria, and excess oxalate builds up in the blood. This can lead to oxalate deposits in blood vessels, bones and body organs.

  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis

    Disease Symptoms
    Commonly, kidney stones are the first sign of hyperoxaluria. Kidney stones are uncommon in childhood. Kidney stones that form in children and teenagers are likely to be caused by an underlying condition, such as hyperoxaluria. For this reason, all young people with kidney stones should have a thorough evaluation, including measurement of oxalate in the urine. Adults with recurrent kidney stones also should be evaluated for oxalate in the urine.Symptoms of a kidney stone can include the following:Severe or sudden abdominal or flank pain,Blood in the urine,Frequent urge to urinate,Pain when urinating,Fever and chills.Primary hyperoxaluria (PH) that goes untreated can eventually damage your kidneys. Over time your kidneys may stop working. For some people, this is the first sign of the disease.

  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis

    Disease Treatment
    Treatment will depend on the type, symptoms and severity of hyperoxaluria and how well you respond to treatment.Medications. Prescription doses of vitamin B-6 can be effective in reducing oxalate in the urine in some people with primary hyperoxaluria. Oral preparations of phosphates and citrate help prevent the formation of calcium oxalate crystals. Other medications, such as thiazide diuretics, also may be considered, depending on which other abnormalities are present in your urine.High fluid intake. If your kidneys are still functioning normally, your doctor will likely tell you to drink more water or other fluids. This flushes the kidneys, prevents oxalate crystal buildup and helps keep kidney stones from forming.Dietary changes. The effectiveness of diet will depend on the cause of increased levels of oxalate. Diet may include restricting foods high in oxalates, limiting salt, and decreasing animal protein and sugar (high fructose corn syrup). This may help to lower urinary oxalate in people with enteric hyperoxaluria or excess dietary intake. Dietary restrictions may not be as important for all people with primary hyperoxaluria. Follow the advice of your doctor.
       

  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis

    Statistics
    The increased production and excretion of oxalate in primary hyperoxaluria causes urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis with renal failure, and systemic oxalosis. Systemic oxalosis occurs late in the course of the disease when there is both oxalate retention and increased oxalate synthesis. The uraemia can be controlled by conventional haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis but treatment cannot usually keep up with accelerated rate of oxalate production, and dialysed patients develop systemic oxalosis. Most attempts to treat primary hyperoxaluria by renal transplantation have been unsuccessful because of rapid recurrence of nephrocalcinosis with uraemia and systemic oxalosis. Dynamic studies of overall oxalate metabolism in vivo have shown that the renal retention factor becomes a major determinant of oxalosis when the GFR decreases to less than 25 ml min-1 1.73 m-2. We conclude provisionally that vigorous haemodialysis should be begun and transplantation arranged when the GFR reaches this level. Such early transplantation with vigorous perioperative haemodialysis and a large perioperative diuresis of water gives good immediate graft function and oxalate mobilisation from the miscible oxalate pool. The longer term outlook is then influenced more by the factors which determine the success of renal transplantation in non-hyperoxaluric patients.

Expert PPTs

Speaker PPTs

 

High Impact List of Articles

Conference Proceedings

adwords